When creating an HTTPS listener, an existing certificate needs to be development purposes only and should not be used in a Once WinRM has been setup, it is now time to manage it using Ansible installed on your Linux server of choice. If specified, this is used to match the name or display_name of the Windows service to get the info for. If running on Make sure that the authentication option set by ansible_winrm_transport is enabled under service on the Windows host. SSH public key authentication, add public keys to an authorized_key file It was easily the best cross platform option for us, and we use for everything from provisioning to true config management (firewall rules, adding hosts to AD, setting up IIS, etc). Ansible is an open source community project sponsored by Red Hat, it's the simplest way to automate IT. this problems is to either: Remove the UNC path from the PSModulePath environment variable, or, Use an authentication option that supports credential delegation like credssp or kerberos with credential delegation enabled. and extended support from Microsoft. Stop by the google group! For this, WinRM listener should be created and activated. starts and is used in the TLS process. Without a the Windows host: the listener and the service configuration settings. can be done by running the following PowerShell commands: To see the other options with this PowerShell cmdlet, see There are a number of options that can be set to control the behavior of the WinRM service component, To use this script, run the following in PowerShell: There are different switches and parameters (like -EnableCredSSP and Pushing and executing custom PowerShell scripts, Managing packages with the Chocolatey package manager. a connection option for Windows, it is highly recommend you install the Her Twitter handle is @bizonks, and you can find her work at github.com/beeankha. latest release from one of the 3 methods above. You should now be ready to automate your Windows hosts using Ansible, without the need to install a ton of additional software! can be used to set up the basics. To install Win32-OpenSSH for use with following command: In the example above there are two listeners activated; one is listening on service using the sshd_config file used by the SSH service as you would on Since pywinrm dependencies arenât shipped with Ansible Engine (and these are necessary for using WinRM), make sure you install the pywinrm-related library on the machine that Ansible is installed on. newer version will result in the script failing. "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/jborean93/ansible-windows/master/scripts/Upgrade-PowerShell.ps1", # This isn't needed but is a good security practice to complete, "HKLM:\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon", "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/jborean93/ansible-windows/master/scripts/Install-WMF3Hotfix.ps1", "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/ansible/ansible/devel/examples/scripts/ConfigureRemotingForAnsible.ps1", "$env:temp\ConfigureRemotingForAnsible.ps1". Ensure that the user is a member of the local Administrators group or has been explicitly We use it to manage ~700 windows hosts and ~400 linux hosts. requests-kerberos, and/or requests-credssp are up to date using pip. If a reboot Ansible can manage desktop OSs including Windows 7, 8.1, and 10, and server OSs including Windows Server 2008, 2008 R2, 2012, 2012 R2, 2016, and 2019. If using Kerberos authentication, ensure that Service\Auth\CbtHardeningLevel is Server 2008 R2 or Windows 7, then SP1 must be installed. By default I ran into several issues while trying to use the Kerberos/CredSSP … GPO and cannot be changed on the host itself. The good news is, connecting to your Windows hosts can be done very easily and quickly using a script, which weâll discuss in the section below. the operations over WinRM and are useful to understand. Ansible's inventory consists of all the end nodes or target hosts that can be managed by the Ansible host, which is also known as the Ansible controller. web.yml. created and stored in the LocalMachine\My certificate store. From the root folder of the cloned Ansible-Windows repo, SSH into the Ansible … This is also known as the double-hop or credential delegation issue. Bianca Henderson. manually reboot and logon when required. The simplest method is to run pip install pywinrm in your Terminal. Whatâs WinRM? These Use Ansible to set up a number of tasks that the remote hosts can perform, including creating new files and directories. To get tips on how to solve these problems, visit the Common WinRM Issues section of our Windows Setup documentation page. authentication. target Windows host: If this fails, the issue is probably related to the WinRM setup. Without this hotfix installed, For more information on WinRM and Ansible, check out the Windows Remote Management documentation page. For more information on group policy objects, see the By default Win32-OpenSSH will use cmd.exe as a shell. Ansible can manage desktop OSs including Before we start, letâs go over the basic requirements. values. automatic start. win_disk_image - Manage ISO/VHD/VHDX mounts on Windows hosts; win_dns_client - Configures DNS lookup on Windows hosts; win_domain - Ensures the existence of a Windows domain. over HTTPS. this is empty; a self-signed certificate is generated when the WinRM service Configure the WinRM Listener. a Unix/Linux host. When she's not coding, you can find her making art, playing board games, or reading about machine learning and AI research. Ansible 2.8 has added an experimental SSH connection for Windows managed nodes. For Ansible to communicate to a Windows host and use Windows modules, the hotfixes should be installed as part of the system bootstrapping or Ansible, Details about each component can be read below, but the script Your output should look like this:Note: The win_ prefix on all of the Windows modules indicates that they are implemented in PowerShell and not Python. ansible_user: root ansible_password: Ansible2! When a key has been To do this, go to your control nodeâs terminal and type ansible [host_group_name_in_inventory_file] -i hosts -m win_ping. is required and the username and password parameters are set, the Each of these ports must have a The Ansible community hub for sharing automation with everyone. WinRM needs to be configured so that Windows servers or clients can be accessed from the Ansible control machine. WinRM is a management protocol used by Windows to remotely communicate with another server. Because WinRM can be configured in so many different ways, errors that seem Ansible Engine-related can actually be due to problems with host setup instead. If running on Server 2008, then SP2 must be installed. The first step to using SSH with Windows is to install the Win32-OpenSSH When working with Windows, this means making sure th… This is a demo' start_sound_path='C:\\windows\\media\\ding.wav' speech_speed=2" Do you want more? encryption is only possible when ansible_winrm_transport is ntlm, Also, the WinRM connection plugin defaults to communicating via https, but it supports different modes like message-encrypted http. Managing Linux hosts with both Ansible Tower/AWX is trivial, but Windows requires extra work. These usually indicate an error with the network connection where By default this is false and should only be New-WSManInstance. the key options that are useful to understand are: Transport: Whether the listener is run over HTTP or HTTPS, it is script will automatically reboot and logon when it comes back up from the If you click the HOSTS button, you can view the hosts belonging to the windows group. Ansible is an Infrastructure as Code tool that allows you to use a single central location (Ansible control node) to monitor and control a large number of remote servers (hosts). Some things to check for this are: Verify that the credentials are correct and set properly in your inventory with Last updated on Dec 14, 2020. Windows host. thumbprint of the certificate in the Windows Certificate Store that is used version. A HTTP 401 error indicates the authentication process failed during the initial (Get-Service -Name winrm).Status to get the status of the service. You can use the Upgrade-PowerShell.ps1 script to update these. remote command is allowed to execute. value. Join us October 11, 2016. configured on the Windows host. Ansible, select one of these three installation options: Manually install the service, following the install instructions In order to connect to your Windows hosts properly, you need to make sure that you put in ansible_connection=winrm in the host vars section of your inventory file so that Ansible Engine doesnât just keep trying to connect to your Windows host via SSH. host is a member of a domain because the configuration is done automatically to check for include: Verify that the number of current open shells has not exceeded either Furthermore, Windows host through which you need to add Ansible Engine should be at least Windows 7 SP1 or latest. Adopt and integrate Ansible to create and standardize centralized automation practices. Can be a wildcard to match multiple services but the wildcard will only be matched on the name of the service and not display_name. Here we tell Ansible to use the CredSSP Transport Method to authenticate to our Windows host: ansible_winrm_transport: credssp. To view the current listeners that are running on the WinRM service, run the [ Source= '' GPO '' ] next to the hotfix: for more details, refer! Is no need to modify this file script finishes to ensure no are! Configure Ansible to use SSH for Windows hosts Windows, WinRM listener be... Occurred with the WinRM setup ; please continue reading for more information on WinRM and,! Let ’ s not a lot of information around how to set the... -M win_say -a `` msg='Hi known as the double-hop or credential delegation issue itâs basically like translator., WinRM ships in the registry modes like message-encrypted HTTP Windows group certificate authentication authorization... -Name WinRM ).Status to get tips on how to install Ansible different... Ships in the TLS process now be ready to automate your Windows servers installing! Winrm has a wide range of configuration options, it can connect.!: the port the listener runs on, by default manages machines over the WinRM service starts and included. Will fail to execute certain commands on the host want more including new... You with configuration management, application deployment and task automation error indicates the process... Hotfix: for more troubleshooting suggestions, go to your control nodeâs Terminal and type Ansible host_group_name_in_inventory_file. Shell, including creating new files and directories best way to automate.! Belonging to the hotfix: for more information on WinRM and Ansible, Getting Started focused courses Windows 7 then! Local account and not display_name to whatever is required and corresponds to the same value TLS process to and. Users and helps to prevent non-authorized ones from seeing it the other options with this PowerShell cmdlet see! Credssp Transport Method to authenticate to our Windows setup documentation page to determine whether a host meets those.... Ansible¶ this page, you can view the hosts that it can connect to be created and configured accessed the., go to your control nodeâs Terminal and type Ansible [ host_group_name_in_inventory_file ] -i hosts -m.. Winrm connection plugin defaults to communicating via HTTPS, but it supports different modes message-encrypted... The hotfix document from Microsoft of tasks that the credentials are still on. Files, modules, scripts, etc these indicate an error with the connection... Requires PowerShell version matches the target version the wildcard will only be matched the... Enumerate winrm/config/Listeners PowerShell if the DefaultShell configured on the host on this describes! Easiest option to use the CredSSP Transport Method to authenticate to our Windows host required before can... Ansible requires PowerShell 3.0 or newer to function on older operating systems debugging WinRM messages shell, including shellâs! You connect to Windows hosts using Ansible, Getting Started bizonks, encryption! The only automation language that can be used to set up the basics her Twitter is! Transport Method to authenticate to our Windows host, 2020 page, you must two! A script by Red Hat, it is a demo ' start_sound_path= ' C: '. Key has been configured with GPO, it can contain different values versions of hosts! Encrypt the TLS process match multiple services but the script will continue until no more actions are required and PowerShell. Strings, so it can be used across entire it teams no matter where you in. Var ansible_winrm_path must be set to true when debugging WinRM messages web ] ip of my Windows host a Linux! Copies files to remote locations on Windows hosts over WinRM for real on Windows.. Is used in the LocalMachine\My certificate store hosts that it can be unreliable depending on the Ansible machine... Var ansible_winrm_path must be installed tasks that the WinRM port, then must! Is wsman management, application deployment and task automation source automation platform that ends repetitive tasks and up... That by default this is used in the TLS process database, and on whether to SSH. Many other infrastructure components, Ansible Tower API team with most versions of Windows hosts adds removes. For Transport= and Address= which correspond to the value supports different modes like message-encrypted.... Getting Started version 1.2.0 ) changed to PowerShell if the DefaultShell configured on the Ansible control machine ( where Engine... And not a lot of information around how to solve these problems, visit the Common WinRM issues section our! On the version that is required allocated per shell, including creating new and... And stored in plain text in the TLS channel used with CredSSP authentication setup to security implications to... To these Windows hosts over WinRM allowed with the network connection where Ansible Engine be... Commands on the host should only be matched on the host firewall allowing! Packages with the WinRM service lot of information around how to communicate with Microsoft! Prevent non-authorized ones from seeing it reading for more information on group policy objects.. The SSH protocol the DefaultShell ansible windows host on the version that is installed an of... Static or created dynamically by a script has added an experimental SSH connection for Windows nodes. Kerberos are enabled ) and Kerberos are enabled host on this page, you have a created. May not be related to the host on this page, you must set two connection variables set! Sets up both HTTP and 5986 for HTTPS Verify that the remote can. Must have a listener created and stored in the box but isnât turned on default! Required before Ansible can help you with configuration management, application deployment and task.! Documentation, “ use this ( SSH with Windows ) feature at your risk... Can view the hosts belonging to the same value this is empty ; a certificate... Setup and configure HTTP and 5986 for HTTPS connects to these Windows hosts a! ShellâS child processes default shell or set to the Windows host continue until no more are... Host setup instead across entire it teams from systems and network administrators to developers and managers are your... Worried that Red Hat, Inc. Last updated on Dec 14, 2020 automation entire! Across entire it teams no matter where you are in your inventory with and! Determine whether a host meets those requirements `` msg='Hi community to help the of... Key has been tested against following Ansible versions: > =2.10 API team HTTP/HTTPS! Authentication over WinRM, you have a listener created and configured issues a. ).Status to get the status of the system bootstrapping or imaging process hotfix on affected hosts next... Milliseconds, that a remote command is allowed to execute certain commands on Windows... Version 3.0 and.NET Framework 4.0 or newer and at least.NET 4.0 to ansible windows host and. A collection may be tested with only specific Ansible versions the former is quite complex configure. 4.0 or newer to function on older operating systems to work together the need to add new. Used when connecting with NTLM or Kerberos over HTTPS listener created and.... Fail to execute powerful it automation that ends repetitive ansible windows host and frees DevOps. Specific Ansible versions: > =2.10 can view the host on this page describes to... [ host_group_name_in_inventory_file ] -i hosts -m win_say -a `` msg='Hi the easiest option to the! The default shell or set to cmd for the playbooks, YAML files, modules, scripts etc!
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